Sancta Missa - Rituale Romanum (Roman Ritual) - Rite for commending a departing soul



1. Whenever a pastor goes to carry out the ceremony of commending a departing soul, he should if possible be assisted by at least another cleric. The latter will carry the vessel with holy water, a surplice, and a purple stole. Arriving at the sick-room, the priest puts on the surplice and stole, and then entering the room says:

P: God's peace be in this home.

All: And in all who live here.

Next he sprinkles the sick person, the room, and the bystanders with holy water, saying the antiphon:

Purify me with hyssop, Lord, and I shall be clean of sin. Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.

2. Then he presents a crucifix to the dying person to be kissed, and at the same time says a few words to him of hope for eternal salvation. Moreover, he places the crucifix within sight of the patient, so that gazing on it he may take comfort from the hope which it symbolizes.

3. Then a candle is lighted. The priest and all the bystanders kneel and pray the short litany as follows:

Lord, have mercy.

Christ, have mercy. Lord, have mercy.

Holy Mary, pray for him (her).

All holy angels and archangels, pray, etc.

Holy Abel,

All choirs of the just,

Holy Abraham,

St. John the Baptist,

St. Joseph,

All holy patriarchs and

St. Peter,

St. Paul,

St. Andrew,

St. John,

All holy apostles and evangelists,

All holy disciples of our Lord,

All holy Innocents,

St. Stephen,
St. Lawrence,

All holy martyrs,

St. Sylvester,

St. Gregory,

St. Augustine,

All holy bishops and confessors,

St. Benedict,
St. Francis,
St. Camillus,

St. John of God,

St. Mary Magdalen,

St. Lucy,

All holy monks and hermits

All holy virgins and widows,

All holy men and women, saints of God, intercede for him (her).

Be merciful, spare him (her), O Lord.

Be merciful, deliver him (her), O Lord.

Be merciful, deliver, etc.

From your wrath,

From the peril of death,

From an evil end,

From the pains of hell,

By your nativity,

By your cross and passion,

By your death and burial,

By your glorious resurrection,

By your wondrous ascension,

By the grace of the Holy Spirit, the Advocate,

On the day of judgment,

We sinners, beg you to hear us.

That you may spare him (her), we beg you to hear us.

Lord, have mercy. Christ, have mercy. Lord, have mercy.

4. And as the soul struggles in its death agony, the following prayers are recited:

Depart, Christian soul, from this world, in the name of God the Father almighty who created you; in the name of Jesus Christ, Son of the living God, who suffered for you; in the name of the Holy Spirit who sanctified you; in the name of the glorious and blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God; in the name of St. Joseph, her illustrious spouse; in the name of the Angels and Archangels, Thrones and Dominations, Principalities and Powers, Cherubim and Seraphim; in the name of the patriarchs and prophets, the holy apostles and evangelists, the holy martyrs and confessors, the holy monks and hermits; in the name of the holy virgins and all the holy men and women of God. May you rest in peace this day and your abode be in holy Sion; through Christ our Lord.

All: Amen.

God of mercy, God of pity, in your great compassion you blot out the sins of the penitent and cancel the debt of past misdeeds by your gracious pardon. May it please you now to look with favor on your servant, N., and hear him (her) as he (she) pleads for the forgiveness of all his (her) sins, sincerely acknowledging them. All-merciful Father, grant his (her) request, and refashion in him (her) whatever has been marred by human frailty or defiled by the devil's treachery. Unite to the one body of the Church this member whom you have redeemed. Have pity, Lord, have pity for his (her) tears and sighs, for his (her) only hope is in your mercy. Grant him (her) the grace of being reconciled to you; through Christ our Lord.

All: Amen.

I commend you, dear brother (sister), to almighty God, and entrust you to Him whose creature you are. Having paid the debt of human nature in surrendering your soul, may you return to your Maker who formed you out of the dust of the earth. May your spirit, as it leaves the body, be met by the noble company of angels. May the high court of the apostles come forward to plead for you. May the victorious army of white-robed martyrs welcome you. May the lily-white throng of glorious confessors surround you. May the joyous choir of virgins escort you. May St. Joseph, the tender patron of the dying, sustain you in high hope. May the holy Virgin Mary, Mother of God, turn kindly eyes on you. May Jesus Christ appear before you with gentle and joyous countenance, and appoint a place for you in His presence forever. Far from you be all the terror of darkness, the hiss of flames, the anguish of torment. Far from you be the accursed Satan and his accomplices. Let him shrink abashed into the vast chaos of everlasting night when you draw near with your escort of angels. Let God arise and His enemies be scattered; let those who hate Him flee at His coming! Let them vanish like smoke; as wax melts before the fire, so let sinners perish before the face of God, while the good triumph and make merry in His presence. Shame and confusion come upon hell's legions, and let Satan's cohorts not dare to bar your way. May Christ, who for your sake was crucified, deliver you from torment. May Christ, who condescended to die for you, deliver you from everlasting death. May Christ, Son of the living God, give you a place in the ever verdant gardens of His Paradise, and may He, the true shepherd, own you for one of His flock. May He absolve you from all your sins, and place you at His right hand among His elect. May you see your Redeemer face to face, and standing ever in His presence gaze with delighted eyes on Truth itself made manifest. There take your place in the ranks of the blessed, and enjoy the blessed vision of your God forever.

All: Amen.

Receive your servant, Lord, into the place of salvation, for which he (she) hopes because of your mercy.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant from the perils of hell, the snares of punishment, and every tribulation.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered Enoch and Elias from the death all men must die.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered Noe from the flood.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered Abraham out of Ur of the Chaldees.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered Job from his sufferings.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered Isaac from being sacrificed at the hand of his father, Abraham.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered Lot from Sodom and the flames of fire.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered Moses from the hand of Pharaoh, king of Egypt.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered Daniel from the den of lions. All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered the three young men from the fiery furnace and from the hands of the wicked king.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered Susanna from an unjust condemnation.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered David from the hands of King Saul and Goliath.

All: Amen.

Deliver, O Lord, the soul of your servant, as you delivered Peter and Paul from prison. All: Amen.

And as you delivered blessed Thecla, your virgin and martyr, from a thrice frightful torment, so deliver the soul of this servant of yours, and let him (her) rejoice with you in the good things of heaven.

All: Amen.

We commend to your keeping, O Lord, the soul of your servant, N., and we beg you, Lord Jesus Christ, Savior of the world, who came on earth for his (her) sake, to bear him (her) aloft to the bosom of the patriarchs. Acknowledge him (her), Lord, as one of your own, not made by strange gods but by you, the only true and living God. For there is no other God than you, and nothing to compare with your works. Lord, let his (her) soul find joy in your presence. Put out of mind his (her) past transgressions and excesses which passion and desire engendered. For although he (she) has sinned, yet he (she) has never denied the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, but has believed, and has had zeal for God's honor and faithfully worshipped God who created all things.

We beg you, O Lord, remember not the sins of his (her) youth, the faults of ignorance, but in your mercy keep him (her) in mind in the brightness of your glory. Let the heavens be opened to him (her), let the angels rejoice with him (her). Lord, receive your servant into your kingdom. Let him (her) be welcomed by St. Michael, the archangel of God, who has won the leadership of the heavenly host. Let the holy angels of God come to meet him (her) and lead him (her) into the heavenly- city. Jerusalem. Let him (her) be received by the blessed apostle, Peter, to whom God has entrusted the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Let him (her) be helped by St. Paul, the apostle chosen to be the herald of the Gospel. Let him (her) find an intercessor in St. John. the beloved disciple of God, to whom were revealed heavenly mysteries. Let all the holy apostles to whom our Lord gave the power of binding and loosing pray for him (her). Let all the saints and elect of God, who in this world endured great suffering for Christ, intercede for him (her). Freed from the bonds of the flesh, may he (she) attain the glory of the kingdom of heaven, through the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, who lives and reigns with the Father and the Holy Spirit, forever and ever.

All: Amen.

May Mary the Virgin Mother of God, loving consoler of those in distress, commend to her Son the soul of His servant, N., that by her motherly intervention he (she) may escape the terrors of death, and in her company gladly come to the longed-for home in heaven. All: Amen.

I turn to you for refuge, Saint Joseph, patron of the dying, at whose happy deathbed Jesus and Mary stood watch. By the love which they pledged at your departure, I earnestly commend to you the soul of this servant, N., in his (her) last agony, so that under your protecting care he (she) may be delivered from the wiles of the devil and from everlasting death and attain everlasting happiness; through Christ our Lord.

All: Amen.

5. If the death agony is prolonged, the priest may read for the dying person the following chapter from the Gospel according to St. John:

John 17.1-26

When Jesus had delivered this discourse, He raised His eyes to heaven and said: "Father, the hour is come! Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you. You have given Him authority over all mankind, that He might give eternal life to all you have entrusted to Him. And this is the sum of eternal life--their knowing you, the only true God, and your ambassador Jesus Christ. "I have glorified you on earth by completing the work you gave me to do. And now, for your part, Father, glorify me in your bosom with the glory I possessed in your bosom before the world existed. I have made your name known to the men whom you singled out from the world and entrusted to me. Yours they were, and to me you have entrusted them; and they cherish your message. Now they know that whatever you have given me really comes from you; for the message you have delivered to me I have delivered to them; and they have accepted it. They really understand that I come from you, and they believe that I am your ambassador.

I am offering a prayer for them; not for the world do I pray, but for those whom you have entrusted to me; for yours they are. All that is mine is yours, and yours is mine; and they are my crowning glory. I am not long for this world; but they remain in the world; while I am about to return to you. Holy Father! Keep them loyal to your name which you have given me. May they be one as we are one. As long as I was with them, I kept them loyal to your name. I shielded and sheltered the men whom you have entrusted to me; and none of them is lost except the one who chooses his own doom. And thus the Scripture was to be fulfilled!

But now I return to you, and I say this before I leave the world that they may taste my joy made perfect within their souls. I have delivered to them your message; and the world hates them, because they do not belong to the world, just as I do not. I do not pray you to take them out of world, but only to preserve them from its evil influence. The world finds nothing kin in them, just as the world finds nothing kin in me. Consecrate them to the service of the truth. Your message is truth. As you have made me your ambassador to the world, so I am making them my ambassadors to the world; and for their sake I consecrate myself, that they, in turn, may in reality be consecrated.

However, I do not pray for them alone; I also pray for those who through their preaching will believe in me. All are to be one;-just as you, Father, are in me and I am in you, so they, too, are to be one in us. The world must come to believe that I am your ambassador. The glory you have bestowed on me I have bestowed on them, that they may be one as we are one,--I in them and you in me. Thus their oneness will be perfected.

The world must come to acknowledge that I am your ambassador, and that you love them as you love me. O Father! I will that those whom you have entrusted to me shall be at my side where I am: I want them to behold my glory, the glory you bestowed on me because you loved me before the world was founded. Just Father! The world does not know you, but I know you, and thus these men have come to know that I am your ambassador. I have made known to them your name, and will continue to make it known. May the love with which you love me dwell in them as I dwell in them myself."

The Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ according to St. John

John 18 and 19

The band sent to seize Jesus

Here Jesus ended and, with His disciples, went out to a place beyond the stream Cedron, where there was a garden. This He entered, accompanied by His disciples. But Judas, His betrayer, was also acquainted with the place--for Jesus had often resorted there with His disciples and so, accompanied by the band of soldiers and servants sent by the chief priests and the Pharisees, He went there with lanterns, torches, and weapons. Jesus, who knew well what was awaiting Him, came forward and said to them: "Who is it you are looking for?" "Jesus of Nazareth," was their reply. Jesus said to them: "I am He!" Judas, His betrayer, had taken His stand with them. The moment He said to them, "I am He," they fell back and dropped to the ground. He then asked them a second time: "Who is it you are looking for?" "Jesus of Nazareth," was their reply. Jesus went on to say: "I told you I am He. Therefore, since you are looking for me, let these men go unmolested." This incident was to fulfill the statement He had made, namely: "Of those you have entrusted to me, I have not lost a single one."

Then Simon Peter, who carried a sword, unsheathed it and, striking the chief priest's servant, cut off his right ear. The name of the servant was Malchus. "Put the sword back into the sheath," Jesus said to Peter; "shall I not drink the cup which the Father has presented to me?" The company of soldiers, led by the chief officer, and the attendants of the Jews now arrested Jesus and fettered Him. They led Him first to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was the chief priest of that year. Caiaphas was the man who had counseled the Jews that it was to their advantage that one man should die to save the nation.

Peter's first denial of Jesus

Simon Peter and another disciple had been following Jesus; but, while the latter disciple, an acquaintance of the high priest, had gone along with Jesus into the palace of the chief priest, Peter remained outside at the door. So the other disciple, the acquaintance of the chief priest, went out and, after speaking to the portress, brought Peter in. Then the girl who was the portress said to Peter; "Are you, perhaps, one of the disciples of that man?" "I am not," he replied. Meanwhile the officers and the guards, who had made a coal fire, because it was cold, were loitering about and warming themselves. Peter also wanted to warm himself, and so he mingled with the group.

Jesus struck by a guard

The chief priest now questioned Jesus about His disciples and about His teaching. "I have spoken openly," replied Jesus, "where all the world could listen. I have always taught at synagogue meetings and in the temple, where all the Jews are wont to meet. I have said nothing in secret. Why do you question me? Question those who heard what I said. You see, they know what I said." No sooner had Jesus said this than one of the guards who stood by, gave Him a blow in the face and said: "Is this the way you answer the chief priest?" Jesus protested. "If I was wrong in speaking this way," He said to him, "then prove me wrong; but if I was right, then why do you strike me?" The result was that Annas sent Him fettered to Caiaphas the chief priest.

Peter's second and third denials of Jesus

Simon Peter was still lingering about, warming himself. "Are you, perhaps, one of His disciples?" he was asked. He denied it and said: "I am not." Then one of the servants of the chief priests, a relative of the one whose ear Peter had cut off, said: "Did I not see you in the garden with Him?" Again Peter denied it; and immediately a cock crowed. They next led Jesus from Caiaphas to the praetorium. It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the praetorium to avoid being defiled, since they wanted to eat the paschal supper. Pilate therefore came out to face them. "What charge," he said, "do you bring against that man?" By way of answer they replied: "If this man were not a criminal, we should not have handed Him over to you." "Then take Him in charge yourselves," Pilate said to them, "and try Him by your law." "We have no power," the Jews rejoined, "to put anyone to death." This incident was to fulfill the statement Jesus had made when indicating the kind of death He was to die.

The trial of Jesus before Pilate

Pilate then went back into the praetorium and summoned Jesus. "Are you the King of the Jews?" he asked Him. Jesus answered: "Do you ask this question from personal observation, or have others spoken to you about me?" "Am I a Jew?" replied Pilate. "Your own nation and the chief priests have handed you over to me. What have you done?" "My kingdom," Jesus explained, "is not a worldly one. If mine were a worldly kingdom, my subjects would exert themselves to prevent my being surrendered to the Jews. As it is, my kingdom is not of an earthly character." "Then you are a king after all!" Pilate said to Him. "You are right," replied Jesus; "I am a king. For this purpose I was born, and for this purpose I came into the world--to give testimony to the truth. Only he who is open to the truth gives ear to my voice." "What is truth?" Pilate said to Him, and with that went outside again to face the Jews. He said to them: "I find no guilt in Him. It is a custom among you that I release someone at your request at the Passover. Do you want me, therefore, to release as your choice the King of the Jews?" Back came their shout: "No; not this man, but Barabbas." Barabbas was a robber.

Pilate attempts to appease the Jews

Then Pilate took Jesus in charge and had Him scourged. The soldiers also plaited a crown of thorns and put it on His head; besides, they threw a purple cloak round Him and, marching up, saluted Him: "Long live the King of the Jews!" They also slapped Him in the face. Pilate went outside once more and said to the crowd: "Now look! I am bringing Him out to you, and you must understand that I find no guilt in Him!" Jesus, therefore, came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple cloak. "Here is the man!" Pilate said to them. But when the chief priests and their underlings saw Him, they burst out shouting: "To the cross! To the cross!" "Then take Him in charge yourselves and crucify Him," Pilate said to them; "I certainly find no guilt in Him." "We have a Law," countered the Jews, "and according to the Law He must die, for He has declared Himself the Son of God."

Pilate surrenders Jesus for crucifixion

The result was that, when Pilate heard this kind of language, he was still more alarmed. He re-entered the praetorium and said to Jesus: "Whence are you?" But Jesus gave him no answer. "You will not speak to me?" Pilate said to Him; "Do you not know that I have power to set you free and power to crucify you?" "You have no power whatever to harm me," replied Jesus, "unless it is granted to you from above. That is why he who surrendered me to you is guilty of a graver offense." As a result, Pilate was anxious to release Him; but the Jews kept shouting: "If you release this man, you are not a friend of Caesar. Anyone who declares himself a king renounces allegiance to Caesar." Pilate accordingly, on hearing such language, had Jesus led out, and seated himself on the judge's bench at a place called Lithostrotos, or in Hebrew Gabbatha. It was the Day of Preparation for the Passover. The time was about noon. He then said to the Jews: "Look, there is your king!" Then they shouted: "Away with Him! Away with Him! Crucify Him!" "Your king am I to crucify?" Pilate replied. The high priests answered: "We have no king but Caesar!" Then at last he handed Him over to them for crucifixion. And so they took Jesus in charge.

Jesus the Nazarene, king of the Jews

Carrying His own cross, He went out to the place called Skull's Mound, which is the rendering of the Hebrew, Golgotha. Here they crucified Him, and two others at the same time, one on one side, one on the other, while Jesus was in the center. Pilate also had a notice inscribed and posted on the cross. The inscription ran as follows: "Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews." Many of the Jews read this notice, since the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city. It was drawn up in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. The chief priests of the Jews, therefore, said to Pilate: "Do not let your inscription be, 'King of the Jews,' but: 'He said, I am the king of the Jews.' " Pilate replied: "My inscription stands!"

The soldiers distribute His clothes among themselves

When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took His clothes and made four parts of them, one for each soldier, besides the tunic. This tunic was seamless, woven from top to bottom in a single piece. So they said to one another: "Do not let us tear it. Rather, let us draw lots for it, to see to whom it shall belong." Thus the Scripture text was to be fulfilled: "They distributed my clothes among them, and for my garment they cast lots." This is what the soldiers did.

Jesus commits His mother to John

There stood beside the cross of Jesus His mother, His mother's sister, Mary, the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalen. Seeing His mother and the disciple whom He loved standing by, Jesus said to His mother: "Mother, this is your son." He then said to the disciple: "This is your mother." That same hour the disciple took her into his home. After this, knowing that all the details would presently be completed so as to fulfill the Scripture, Jesus said: "I am thirsty." A jar containing sour wine was standing there; so a sponge soaked in the sour wine was put on a stalk of hyssop and reached up to His lips. As soon as Jesus had taken the sour wine, He said: "It is now completed." And He bowed His head and surrendered His spirit.

Jesus' side pierced with a lance

Since it was Preparation Day, the Jews did not wish the corpses to remain on the crosses during the Sabbath, for that Sabbath was a holy day; so they requested Pilate to order that the men's legs should be broken and the bodies removed. Accordingly, the soldiers came and broke the legs both of the one and of the other that were crucified with Him. When they came to Jesus, they saw that He was already dead. So they did not break His legs, but one of the soldiers pierced His side with a lance, and immediately there came out blood and water. This statement is the testimony of an eyewitness. His testimony is true, and he knows that he is speaking the truth, so that you, too, may believe. In fact, these incidents took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: "Not a bone of His shall be broken." And still another Scripture text says: "They will look upon Him whom they have pierced."

The burial of Jesus

After this, Joseph of Arimathea, a disciple of Jesus, though but a secret one because of his fear of the Jews, petitioned Pilate for permission to remove the body of Jesus, which Pilate granted. So he came and removed His body. Also Nicodemus, the man who had at first visited Jesus by night, appeared on the scene, bringing with him a mixture of myrrh and aloe, of about one hundred pounds. They took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in a shroud along with the spices, in accordance with the Jewish custom of burying. There was a garden at the place where Jesus was crucified, and in the garden was a fresh tomb, in which no one had as yet been laid to rest. Here, then, because it was the Preparation Day of the Jews and the tomb was close by, they laid Jesus to rest.

6. Prayer to our Lord Jesus Christ, contemplating the various steps of His passion; to be said either by the dying or by another in his stead:

P: We adore you, Christ, and we bless you.

All: For by your holy cross you redeemed the world.

O God, in order to redeem the world, you willed to be born of a woman and to submit to circumcision; to be repudiated by the Jews and betrayed with a kiss by the traitor, Judas; to be bound in chains and led like an innocent lamb to the slaughter; to be made a shameful spectacle before Annas, Caiaphas, Pilate, and Herod; to be accused by false witnesses, tortured by scourging and mockery, spat upon, crowned with thorns, whipped and struck with a reed, blindfolded, stripped of your garments, nailed to the cross and raised up on it, reckoned among robbers, your thirst slaked with vinegar and gall, your side pierced with a lance. Lord, by your holy sufferings, which I, unworthy as I am, recall to mind, and by your holy cross and death, deliver me (or if another says the prayer for the dying person: deliver your servant, N.) from the pains of hell, and lead me (him) (her) to Paradise, as you led the good thief who was crucified with you. We ask this of you who live and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit forever and ever. All: Amen.

The following psalms may be added:

Psalm 117

P: Give thanks to the Lord, for He is good, * for His mercy endures forever.

All: Let the house of Israel say, * "His mercy endures forever."

P: Let the house of Aaron say, * "His mercy endures forever."

All: Let those who fear the Lord say, * "His mercy endures forever."

P: In my straits I called upon the Lord; * the Lord answered me and set me free.

All: The Lord is with me; I fear not; * what can man do against me?

P: The Lord is with me to help me, * and I shall look down upon my foes.

All: It is better to take refuge in the Lord * than to trust in man.

P: It is better to take refuge in the Lord * than to trust in princes.

All: All the nations encompassed me; * in the name of the Lord I crushed them.

P: They encompassed me on every side; * in the name of the Lord I crushed them.

All: They encompassed me like bees, they flared up like fire among thorns; * in the name of the Lord I crushed them.

P: I was hard pressed and was falling * but the Lord helped me.

All: My strength and my courage is the Lord, * and He has been my savior.

P: The joyful shout of victory * in the tents of the just:

All: "The right hand of the Lord has struck with power: the right hand of the Lord has exalted me; * the right hand of the Lord has struck with power."

P: I shall not die, but live, * and declare the works of the Lord.

All: Though the Lord has indeed chastised me, * yet he has not delivered me to death.

P: Open to me the gates of justice; * I will enter them and give thanks to the Lord.

All: This gate is the Lord's; * the just shall enter it.

P: I will give thanks to you, for you have answered me * and have been my savior.

All: The stone which the builders rejected * has become the cornerstone.

P: By the Lord has this been done; * it is wonderful in our eyes.

All: This is the day the Lord has made; * let us be glad and rejoice in it.

P: O Lord, grant salvation! * O Lord, grant prosperity!

All: Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord; we bless you from the house of the Lord. * The Lord is God, and He has given us light.

P: Join in procession with leafy boughs * up to the horns of the altar.

All: You are my God, and I give thanks to you; * my God, I extol you.

P: Give thanks to the Lord, for He is good; * for His kindness endures forever.

All: Glory be to the Father.

P: As it was in the beginning.

Psalm 118

P: Happy are they whose way is blameless, * who walk in the law of the Lord.

All: Happy are they who observe His decrees, * who seek Him with all their heart.

P: And do no wrong, * but walk in His ways.

All: You have commanded * that your precepts be diligently kept.

P: Oh, that I might be firm in the ways * of keeping your statutes!

All: Then should I not be put to shame *when I beheld all your commands.

P: I will give you thanks with an upright heart, * when I have learned your just ordinances.

All: I will keep your statutes; * do not utterly forsake me.

P: How shall a young man be faultless in his way? * By keeping to your words.

All: With all my heart I seek you; * let me not stray from your commands.

P: Within my heart I treasure your promise, * that I may not sin against you.

All: Blessed are you, O Lord; * teach me your statutes.

P: With my lips I declare * all the ordinances of your mouth.

All: In the way of your decrees I rejoice, * as much as in all riches.

P: I will meditate on your precepts * and consider your ways.

All: In your statutes I will delight; * I will not forget your words.

P: Be good to your servant, that I may live * and keep your words.

All: Open my eyes, * that I may consider the wonders of your law.

P: I am a wayfarer of earth; * hide not your commands from me.

All: My soul is consumed * with longing for your ordinances at all times.

P: You rebuke the proud; * cursed are they who turn away from your commands.

All: Take away from me reproach and contempt, * for I observe your decrees.

P: Though princes meet and talk against me, * your servant meditates on your statutes.

All: Yes, your decrees are my delight; * they are my counselors.

P: I lie prostrate in the dust; * give me life according to your word.

All: I declared my ways, and you answered me; * teach me your statutes.

P: Make me understand the way of your precepts, * and I will meditate on your wondrous deeds.

All: My soul weeps for sorrow; * strengthen me according to your words.

P: Remove me from the way of falsehood, * and favor me with your law.

All: The way of truth I have chosen; * I have set your ordinances before me.

P: I cling to your decrees; * Lord, let me not be put to shame.

All: I will run the way of your commands * when you give me a docile heart.

P: Glory be to the Father.

All: As it was in the beginning.

7. Three pious and helpful prayers for the dying together with the Our Father and Hail Mary, to be said during the last agony:

Lord, have mercy. Christ, have mercy. Lord, have mercy. Our Father, etc. Hail Mary, etc.

Lord Jesus Christ, by your sacred agony and by the prayer you offered for us on Mt. Olivet, when your sweat became like drops of blood trickling to the ground, I humbly implore you to offer up the flow of that bloody sweat which poured from you in frightful anguish. Present it to God, your almighty Father, in atonement for the many sins committed by your servant, N. Deliver him (her) in the hour of his (her) death from all the penalties and sufferings which he (she) fears his (her) sins have deserved. We ask this of you who live and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit, God, forever and ever.

All: Amen.

Lord, have mercy. Christ, have mercy. Lord, have mercy. Our Father, etc. Hail Mary, etc.

Lord, Jesus Christ, who for our sake submitted to a shameful death on the cross, I humbly implore you to offer up all the bitter pain and suffering you endured on the cross for us wretched sinners, especially in the hour when your sacred soul left your sacred body. Present them to God, your almighty Father, for the soul of your servant N. Deliver him (her) in the hour of his (her) death from all the penalties and sufferings which he (she) fears his (her) sins have deserved. We ask this of you who live and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit, God, forever and ever.

All: Amen.

Lord, have mercy. Christ, have mercy. Lord, have mercy. Our Father, etc. Hail Mary, etc.

Lord Jesus Christ, who spoke by the mouth of the prophet: "I love you with undying love; therefore I have pity on you and have drawn you to myself"; I humbly implore you to offer up for the soul of your servant, N., the very same charity which brought you down from heaven to earth, to endure all those bitter sufferings of yours. Present them to God, your almighty Father. Deliver him (her) from all the penalties and sufferings which he (she) fears his (her) sins have deserved, and save his (her) soul in this hour of his (her) departure. Open wide for him (her) the gate of life, and let him (her) rejoice with your saints in everlasting glory. Lord Jesus Christ, font of all mercy, who ransomed us with your precious blood, take pity on the soul of your servant, and graciously lead him (her) to the ever verdant beauty of Paradise. There may he (she) live united with you in inseparable love? never to be parted from you and your elect. We ask this of you who live and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit, God, forever and ever.

All: Amen.

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