crucifix is the principal ornament of the altar. It is placed on the
altar to recall to the mind of the celebrant, and the people, that the
Victim offered on the altar is the same as was offered on the Cross.
For this reason the crucifix must be placed on the altar as often as
Mass is celebrated (Constit., Accepimus of Benedict XIV, 16 July,
1746). The rubric of the Roman Missal (xx) prescribes that it be placed
at the middle of the altar between the candlesticks, and that it be
large enough to be conveniently seen by both the celebrant and the
people (Cong. Sac. Rit., 17 September, 1822).
Written by A.J. Schulte. Transcribed by Michael C. Tinkler. The
Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume I. Published 1907. New York: Robert
Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat, March 1, 1907. Remy Lafort, S.T.D.,
Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York